Since 2006, according to documents obtained through the Access to Information Act, Aboriginal communities and environmental groups have been under a special program of government surveillance, and the information was shared among security agencies, government departments and industry about groups that oppose resource development projects.
The 2012 federal budget announced that funding for the NRTEE would be cut after the organization produced a pessimistic report on Canada’s provincial and territorial climate change plans emphasizing the fact that the government would not reach its set targets of greenhouse-gas reductions unless additional measures are taken.
On May 17, 2012, the federal Department of Fisheries and Oceans informed employees that the Experimental Lakes Area, (ELA), a set of lakes comprising one the world’s most important fresh water research facilities, would be closed in March 2013.
Beginning in 2006, the Harper government eliminated funding to a number of climate change and environmental programs. Cuts to Environment Canada’s budgets and staff have continued through 2013, with a large number of jobs being eliminated in the 2011 budget. These cuts have significantly impacted Environment Canada’s research and knowledge production capacity.
In September of 2008, Environment Minister John Baird rescinded a $100,000 funding grant to the Sierra Club BC, fuelling speculation that the cuts were motivated by political, rather than budgetary reasons.
The Canadian Foundation for Climate and Atmospheric Sciences (CFCAS) was Canada’s premier funding agency for university-led climate science. Over twelve years, CFCAS provided grants of nearly $120 million to 37 Canadian universities. Research findings have been significant both nationally and internationally.